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Non-renewable energy resources are finite, and hence make the scarcity of fossil fuels a reality in the near future given the pace at which we are extracting these resources. India has a large percentage of impoverished population in rural areas whose energy demands are well below a global average, yet their energy needs (for cooking, drinking water and irrigation) are still largely unmet. Besides this, rural women spend a significant amount of their time and energy in gathering fuel-wood and feel the health impacts of indoor air pollution. Any efforts to improve efficiencies and introduce cleaner burning fuels thus not only helps save lives but also considerably reduces the drudgery that women in rural areas face.
The focus of WOTR’s Alternate Energy initiatives in the Climate Change Adaptation project caters to a number of needs: the need to reduce carbon emissions for Climate Change Mitigation; the need to adapt to depleting non-renewable energy resources, thereby reducing vulnerability; to find ways to produce energy locally from clean, renewable sources thereby brightening the livelihood prospects, and improving health conditions of the local communities; and avoiding financial leakages by reducing dependency on external energy sources.
For this, Hot Water Chullahs, Solar Home Lighting systems, Solar Street Lights, Solar Parabolic Cookers, Biogas Plants, are being promoted widely. WOTR’s own pioneering effort with the greening of its Darewadi Training Centre has resulted in a Solar-Wind Hybrid system that entirely generates its power needs self-sufficiently, is off-grid and has brought down energy consumption by 90%.